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Bak R.P.M. (1990) Patterns of echinoid bioerosion in two Pacific coral reef lagoons. Marine Ecology Progress Séries 66, 267-272.

Bak R.P.M. (1994) Sea urchin bioerosion on coral reefs: place in the carbonate budget and relevant variables. Coral Reefs 13,99-103.

BAKER A.N. (1998) The rediscovery of Echinus elevatus Hutton 1872 in New Zealand, and a new name for Acanthotrema Baker & Rowe 1990 (Echinodermata: Echinoidea). Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 28, (2), p.281-286.

BARBOSA-LEDESMA I.F., SOLIS-MARIN F.A. & LAGUARDA-FIGUERAS A. (2001) New records for cidaroid echinoids (Echinodermata : Echinoidea) of the Gulf of Mexico, Mexico. International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation. P.721.

BAREL C.D.N. & KRAMERS P.G.N. (1977) A survey of the echinoderm associates of the north-east Atlantic area. Zool. Verh. Leiden, 156, 159p.

BARKER M.F., KEOGH J., LAWRENCE J.M. & LAWRENCE A.L. (1998) Feeding rate, absorption efficiencies, growth, and enhancement of gonad production in the New Zealand sea urchin Evechinus chloroticus Valenciennes (Echinoidea: Echinometridae) fed prepared and natural diets. J. Shellfish Res. 17, p.1583-1590.

Basuyaux 0. & Blin J.L. (1998) Use of maize as a food source for sea urchins in a recirculating rearing system. Aqua. International, 6(3):233-247.

BAUER J.C. & YOUNG C.M. (2000) Epidermal lesions and mortality caused by vibriosis in deep-sea Bahamian echinoids : a laboratory study. Dis. Aquat Org, 39, p.193-199.

BAZHIN A.G. (1998) The sea urchin genus Strongylocentrotus in the seas of Russia : taxonomy and ranges. p.563-566 in MOOI R. & TELFORD M. eds : Echinoderms : San Francisco (Proc. of the 9th Intern. Echinoderm Conf., San Francisco, August 1996), Balkema, Rotterdam.

BEDDINGFIELD S.D. & McCLINTOCK J.B. (1998) Differential survival, reproduction, growth and nutrient allocation in the regular echinoid Lytechinus variegatus fed natural diets. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 226, 195-216.

BELL F.J. (1880) On some genera and species of the Temnopleuridae. P. Zool. Soc. Lond. 29, 421-440.

BEER A.J., MOSS C. & THORNDYKE M. (2001) Development of serotonin-like and salmfamide-like immunoreactivity in the nervous system of the sea urchin Psammechinus miliaris. Biol. Bull., 200, p.268-280.

Bermingham E. & Lessios H. A.. (1993) Rate variation of protein and mitochondrial DNA evolution as revealed by sea urchins separated by the Isthmus of Panama. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 90:2734-2738.

Bianconcini  M. S., Mondes E.G. & Valente D. (1985) The respiratory metabolism of the lantern muscle of the sea urchin Echinometra lucunter L. -I. The respiratory intensity. Comp. Biochem. Physiol 80A: 1-4.

BIERMANN C.H., RUSCONI S. & BIRNSTIEL M.L. (1982) An unusual evolutionary behaviour of a sea urchin histone gene cluster. EMBO J., 1, p.27-33.

BIERMANN  C.H. (1998) The molecular evolution of sperm bindin in six species of sea urchins (Echinoida : Strongylocentrotidae). Mol. Biol. Evol. 15, p.1761-1771.

Billington R.A., HO A., Genazzani A.A. (2002) Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is present at micromolar concentrations in sea urchin spermatozoa, J. Physiol. 544 : 107-112.

Binyon J. (1966) Salinity tolerance and ionic regulation. Pp. 359-377 in Physiology of Echinodermata. R. A. Boolootian, ed., John Wiley, New York.

Bisgrove B. W. & Burke R.D. (1987) Development of the nervous-sys­tem of the pluteus larva of Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis. Cell Tis­sue Res. 24S: 335-343.

BISGROVE B.W. & RAFF R.A. (1989) Evolution­ary conservation of the larval nervous system in a direct developing sea urchin. Dev. Growth Differ. 31:363-370.

BLIN J.-L. (1997) Culturing the purple sea urchin, Paracentrotus lividus, in a recirculation system. Bul. Aqua. Assoc. Canada, 97(1):8-13.

BLUHM B., PIEPENGURG D. & VON JUTERZENKA K. (1998) Distribution, standing stock, growth, mortality and production of Strongylocentrotus pallidus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) in the northern Barents Sea. Polar Biol 20: 325-334.

BOETTGER S.A., WATTS S.A., McCLINTOCK J.B., THOMPSON L.E. &  LAWRENCE J.M. (1998) Variations in the distribution and abundance of Lytechinus variegatus in Saint Andrew Bay, Northern Gulf of Mexico. North American Echinoderm Meeting, Wallops Island, Maryland. (résumé).

Bookbinder L.H. & Shick J.M.. (1986) Anaerobic and aerobic energy metabolism in ovaries of the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis. Mar. Biol. 93: 103-110.

Bosch l., Beauchamp K.A., Steele M.E. & Pearse J.S. (1987) Development, metamorphosis and seasonal abundance of embryos and larvae of the Antarctic sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri. Biol. Bull. 173; 126-135.

Bosch I., Colwell S.J., Pearse J.S. & Pearse V.B. (1991) Nutritional flexibility in yolk-rich planktotrophie larvae of an antarctic echinoderm. Antarct. J. U.S. 26: 168-170.

Botsford L.W., Smith B.D & Quinn J.F. (1994) Bimodality in size distributions: the red sea urchin Strongylocentrotus franciscanus as an example. Ecol. Applic., 4:42-50.

BOUDOURESQUE C.-F., LEMEE R., MARI X. & MEINESZ A. (1996) The invasive alga Caulerpa taxifolia is not a suitable diet for the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus. Aquatic Botany, 53, p.245-250.

Bouxin H. (1926) Action des acides sur Ie squelette des larves de 1'oursin Paracentrotus lividus. Influence du pH. C. R. Soc. Biol., 94:453-455.

Buchanan J.B. (1969) Feeding and the control of volume within the tests of regular sea urchins. J. Zool. Lond. 159: 51-64.

Bucher D.J., Harriott V.J., Roberts L.G. (1998) Skeletal micro-density, porosity and bulk density of acroporid corals. Journal of Expérimental Marine Biology and Ecology 228, 117-136.

Bull H.O. (1938) The growth of Psammechinus miliaris (Gmelin) under aquarium conditions. Rep. Dove Mar. Lab., 3(6):39-42.

BUREAU D. (1996) Relationship between feeding, reproductive con­dition, jaw size and density in the red sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus franciscanus. M.Sc. thesis, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia.

BURKE R.D., MYERS R.L., SEXTON T.L. & JACKSON C. (1991) Cell movements during the initial phase of gastrulation in the sea urchin embryo. Dev. Biol. 146:542-557.

BURNETT L., TERWILLIGER N., CARROLL A., JORGENSEN D. & SCHOLNICK D. (2002) Respiratory and Acid-Base Physiology of the Purple Sea Urchin, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus, During Air Exposure : Presence and Function of a Facultative Lung. Biol. Bull. 203:42-50. Ж

BUSSLINGER M., RUSCONI S. & BIRNSTIEL M.L. (1982) An unusual evolutionary behaviour of a sea urchin histone gene cluster. EMBO J., 1, p.27-33.

Byme M., Villinski J.T., Cistemas P., Popodi E. & Raff R.A. (1999) Maternal factors and the evolution of developmental mode: evolution of oogenesis in Heliocidaris erythrogramma. Dev. Genes Evol. 209:275-283.