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FELL H.B. (1962) West-wind-drift dispersal of echinoderms in the southern hemisphere. Nature 193, 759-761.

FELL F.J. (1976) The Cidaroida (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) of Antarctica and the southern oceans. Ph.D. thesis, University of Maine.

FENAUX L. (1969) Les echinopluteus de la Méditerranée. Bull. Inst. Oceanogr. (Monaco), 68, p.1-28.

FENAUX L., CELLARIO C. & ETIENNE M. (1985) Variations in the ingestion rate of algal cells with morphological development of larvae of Paracentrotus lividus (Echinodermata : Echinoidea). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 24, p.161-165.

FENAUX L., STRATHMANN M.F. & STRATHMANN R.R. (1994) Five tests of food-limited growth of larvae in coastal waters by comparisons of rates of development and form of echinoplutei. Limnology and Oceanogrpahy, 39, p.84.98.

Fenner D.H. (1973) The respiratory adaptations of the podia and ampullae of echinoids (Echinodermata). Biol. Bull. 145: 323-339.

FERAL J.P., DERELLE . & PHILIPPE H. (1994) Inferred phylogenetic trees of Antarctic brood-protecting schizasterid echinoids from partial 28S ribosomal RNA sequences. Genetic and Evolution of Aquatic Organisms, Beaumond Ed., p.199-207.

Ferkowicz M.J. & Raff R.A. (2001) Wnt gene expression in sea urchin development: heterochronics associated with the evolution of develop­mental mode. Evol. Dev. 3:24-33.

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FERNANDEZ C. (1996) Croissance et nutrition de Paracentrotus Hvidus dans Ie cadre d'un projet aquacole avec alimentation artificielle. PhD Thesis, Universite de Corse, France.

FERNANDEZ C. & BOUDOURESQUE C.F. (1997) Phenotypic plasticity of Paracentrotus lividus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) in a lagonnal environment. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser.152 , p.145-154.

FERNANDEZ C. & BOUDOURESQUE C.F. (1998) Evaluating artificial diet for small Paracentrotus lividus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea). Echinoderms: San Francisco. Mooi & Telford (eds). Balkema publ., Rotterdam, p.651-656.

FERNANDEZ C. & BOUDOURESQUE C.F. (2000) Nutrition of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus (Echinodermata : Echinoidea) fed different artificial food. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 204, p.131-141.

FERNANDEZ C. & CALTAGIRONE A. (1998) Comportement alimentaire de Paracentrotus lividus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) en milieu lagunaire. Rap. Comm. int. Médit., 35 (2), p.538-539.

FERNANDEZ C. (1997) Effect of diet on the biochemical composition of Paracentrotus lividus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) under natural and rearing conditions. Comp. Biochem. Physiol., 118 A (4),p.1377-1384.

FERNANDEZ C., DOMBROWSKI E. & CALTAGIRONE A. (1995) Gonadic growth of adult sea urchins, Paracentrotus lividus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) in rearing: The effect of different diet types. In Echinoderm Research (1995), Emson, Smith and Campbell (eds.), Balkema, Rotterdam, p.269-275.

FERRAND J.G., VADON C., DOUMENC D. & GUILLE A. (1988) The effect of depth on the reproductive cycle of Brissopsis lyrifera (Echinoidea, Echinodermata) in the Gulf of Lions, Mediterranean Sea. Mar. Biol., 99, (3), p.387-392.

FLAMMANG P., WARNAU M., TEMARA A., LANE D. & JANGOUX M. (1997) Heavy metals in Diadema setosum (Echinodermata, Echinoidea) from Singapore coral Reefs. J. Sea Res., 38, p.35-45.

Flammang P., Gosselin P. & Jangoux M. (1998) The podia, organs of adhesion and sensory perception in larvae and post-metamorphic stages of the echinoid Paracentrotus lividus (Echinodermata). Biofouling, 12(1-3): 161-171.

FRANKS R.R., HOUGH-EVANS B.R., BRITTEN R.J. & DAVIDSON E.H. (1988) Spatially deranged though temporally correct expression of Strongylocentrotus purpuratus actin gene fusion in transgenic embryos of a different sea urchin family. Genes Dev. 2, 1-12.

Frantzis A. & Gremare A. (1992) Ingestion, absorption and growth rates of Paracentrotus lividus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) fed different macrophytes. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. ,95:169-183.


Fridberger A., Fridberger T. & Lundin L.-G. (1979) Cultivation of sea urchins of five different species under strict artificial conditions. Zoon, 7:149-151.


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Fuji A. (1967) Ecological studies on the growth and food consumption of Japanese common littoral sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus intermedius (A. Agassiz). Mem. Fac. Fish. Hokkaido Univ., 15(2):83-160.


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